(I'm talking on the compiler, libraries and tools distributed together on caml.inria.fr)
The usual advice for contribution:
They historically come from a specific INRIA team
... but are now spread among continents and industries!
Most parts of the codebase have one or two specific maintainers.
They react to bug reports, and their opinion on change proposals is generally respected.
% git shortlog -n -s HEAD~1000... # Oct. 2011 305 Damien Doligez 215 Alain Frisch 155 Jacques Garrigue 81 Wojciech Meyer 78 Xavier Leroy 46 Fabrice Le Fessant 38 Benedikt Meurer 35 Pierre Weis 29 Xavier Clerc 26 Jérémie Dimino 23 Jonathan Protzenko 15 Gabriel Scherer 11 Hongbo Zhang 5 Maxence Guesdon 2 Luc Maranget
Most of the development activity goes through the bugtracker.
(There is a private development mailing-list, mostly review requests for larger changes from maintainers.)
We already do have a lot of external contributors on the bugtracker!
Maintainers get no professional recognition for their work.
Researchers rarely get credit for implementing software.
Never for maintaining it.
Think of this as a after-work hobby.
Maintainers are in charge for a long time.
First OCaml commit around 1995.
Caml as a language starts around 1985.
Stuff we add now will still be there in 2025.
Very strict backward-compatibility requirements for the language (and distributed library).
Breaking changes are not accepted.
Changes that don't feel right are suspicious.
Bugs: stuff that is broken. Simple, objective. We like bug reports.
You can help by reporting them, adding information to the report (eg. other related cases that are also broken), suggesting patches to fix it, or reviewing or suggested patches.
Feature requests. Easy to propose, hard and stressful to evaluate.
Most of the time feature requests overlap with existing or desired features, and don't add enough value to be worth it.
Optimizations: changes that allegedly make program faster.
Most of the time, optimizations do great on a well-chosen microbenchmark, but have a neglectible effects in real programs.
We don't want to make the compiler more complex unless the gain is real.
Some areas of the distribution are younger, so there is more "free space" for fixes and feature contributions.
Bugfixes and contributions for OCamlbuild are desirable and welcome.
There are numerous feature requests submitted already. Go see if there is something you want to help implement.
(It's fine if you use another build system.)
There are several ways one can contribute to the development of the OCaml distribution. They go through the bugtracker:
signal that you were bitten by an already-reported issue (this helps prioritize work)
propose patches to fix bugs or implement a request
review proposed patches: read the code to give an opinion, improve on the implementation, or test them against your own software
Junior contributor? Follow the bugtracker.
OCaml distribution is a small part of the OCaml ecosystem. There are a lot of (better?) ways to contribute. For example:
Report precise user-experience problems (example)
Help improve the community-maintained website: ocaml.org
Do whatever you like to do... with OCaml.